What Causes Gum Disease?

In this video, Dr. Robert Harvey explains how bacteria lead to gum disease and bone loss, and how to prevent it.

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is primarily caused by the buildup of bacteria and their byproducts around the gums and bones supporting the teeth. Over time, this bacterial presence leads to the deterioration of both the gum tissue and the underlying bone. Here’s a simplified explanation of how this process can affect your teeth:

Imagine a tooth, extending from the bottom of its root to the top. When you are young, a significant portion of your tooth—perhaps two-thirds to three-quarters—is securely supported by bone, with only a smaller portion visible above the gum line. However, when bacteria accumulate at the gum line, they act as an irritant to the surrounding tissues.

As the bacteria persist, the bone reacts by receding to get away from the irritation. If this process continues—bacteria building up, followed by bone receding—eventually, the structural support for the tooth diminishes. Without sufficient bone support, the tooth can become loose and may ultimately be lost.

The best defense against gum disease is a combination of good oral hygiene practices at home—such as regular brushing and flossing—and professional dental care. Regular dental visits are crucial because they allow professionals to remove plaque and tartar buildup that you can’t eliminate with brushing and flossing alone. By maintaining diligent care and working closely with your dental team, you can significantly reduce your risk of developing gum disease and potentially keep your natural teeth healthy and intact for a lifetime.

Why Should You
Choose Us?


Dr. Robert Harvey & Dr. Rameek McNair

At Aspire Dental Group, our experience, unrivaled technology, and caring service provide a comforting experience to our patients that is hard to find in other dental offices. Dr. Robert Harvey and Dr. Rameek Mcnair combined have over 45 years of experience in dentistry. Our goal is to always deliver extraordinary care to every patient. We will go the extra mile for you 6 days a week!

Very few dental offices around the country have an in-house crown and bridge laboratory. This means that Aspire Dental Group has a full-time ceramist that allows us full control over the fit between our lab products and your existing teeth. You can count on not only a more streamlined and faster production schedule, but overall savings for our patients who utilize dental components built by the lab. Our highly skilled ceramist will craft custom dental restorations that are perfect for your teeth, ensuring you a smile that you will love.

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